3 Maja to dla Polaków bardzo ważne święto. To właśnie 3 maja 1791 roku została uchwalona pierwsza w Europie a druga na świecie – po amerykańskiej – konstytucja. Jest ona dowodem tego, że nawet w tak trudnych okolicznościach jak rozbiory, Polacy potrafili się zmobilizować.
Throughout the 18h century Poland was in great point dependent from neighboring powers, especially from Russia.
At the turn of the 80’s and 90’s of the 18th century, Russia was engaged in a conflict with Sweden and Turkey. Her interest in the situation in Poland has lowered and that was the right moment to move toward reforms. Constitution of May 3 was supposed to be a response to the bad internal and international situation of Polish country. The historic session, during which the constitution was introduced took place on 3 May 1791 in the Senatorial Hall at the Royal Castle. The process of voting was full of violent conflicts and dramatic fights. Finally, the King swore the constitution on hand bishop of Krakow Felix Turski and constitution passed.